2012 Nobel Prize Begins

INFORMATION RELATED TO SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CAN BE SHARE HERE...
Post Reply
User avatar
muhammadmohsinali
Zero Star Member
Zero Star Member
Posts: 703
Joined: Thu Mar 10, 2011 8:29 pm
Nationality: Pakistani
Location: PPSC FORUM

2012 Nobel Prize Begins

Post by muhammadmohsinali » Mon Oct 08, 2012 7:40 pm

Nobel Medicine Prize 2012Shinya Yamanaka of Japan and John B. Gurdon of Britain won the Nobel Medicine Prize on 08-10-2012 for their groundbreaking work on stem cells, the jury said.The pair were honoured "for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent," it said. The two discovered "that mature, specialised cells can be reprogrammed to become immature cells capable of developing into all tissues of the body," it said. By reprogramming human cells, "scientists have created new opportunities to study diseases and develop methods for diagnosis and therapy," the Nobel committee said.Gurdon is currently at the Gurdon Institute in Cambridge, while Yamanaka is a professor at Kyoto University in Japan. Because of the economic crisis, the Nobel Foundation has slashed the prize sum to eight million Swedish kronor ($1.2 million, 930,000 euros) per award, down from the 10 million kronor awarded since 2001.Last year, the honour went to Bruce Beutler of the United States, Jules Hoffmann of Luxembourg and Ralph Steinman of Canada, for their groundbreaking work on the immune system. This year's laureates will receive their prize at a formal ceremony in Stockholm on December 10, the anniversary of prize founder Alfred Nobel's death in 1896Nobel Physics Prize 2012French scientist Serge Haroche and US researcher David J Wineland have been announced for winning Nobel Prize 2012 in Physics on 09-10-2012 for their ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems, according to Chinese news agency, Xinhua.According to news report, Staffan Normark, permanent secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm Tuesday announced the name of Haroche and Wineland as winner of this most prestigious award, given for outstanding work in the field of science, literature, economy and peace. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which selects and announces the name of the winner in a released statement said, "They have independently invented and developed methods for measuring and manipulating individual particles while preserving their quantum-mechanical nature, in ways that were previously thought unattainable."Nobel Chemistry Prize 2012Americans Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka won the 2012 Nobel Prize in chemistry on 10-10-2012 for studies of proteins that let body cells respond to signals from the outside.The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said the two researchers had made groundbreaking discoveries on an important family of receptors, known as G-protein-coupled receptors.About half of all medications act on these receptors, so learning about them will help scientists to come up with better drugs.Robert Lefkowitz is a teacher and researcher at Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina and Brian Kobilka is a professor at Stanford University School of Medicine in California.


mansoor
Zero Star Member
Zero Star Member
Posts: 250
Joined: Sun Oct 10, 2010 2:33 pm

Re: 2012 Nobel Prize Begins

Post by mansoor » Tue Oct 09, 2012 3:09 pm

gud and latest information.

THANKS
Zero Star Member
Zero Star Member
Posts: 52
Joined: Wed Apr 27, 2011 9:42 pm

Re: 2012 Nobel Prize Begins

Post by THANKS » Thu Oct 11, 2012 7:32 pm

2012 Nobel Prize in LiteratureSTOCKHOLM, Oct. 11 (Xinhua) -- Chinese writer Mo Yan has won the 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature, announced Peter Englund, Permanent Secretary of the Swedish Academy in Stockholm on Thursday.The Nobel Prize in Literature 2012 is awarded to Chinese writer Mo Yan "who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary," said Englund at a press conference.Mo Yan, a pseudonym for Guan Moye, was born in 1955 and grew up in Gaomi in Shandong province in eastern China. His parents were farmers.As a 12-year-old during the Cultural Revolution he left school to work, first in agriculture, later in a factory. In 1976 he joined the People's Liberation Army and during this time began to study literature and write. His first short story was published in a literary journal in 1981."In his writing, Mo Yan draws on his youthful experiences and on settings in the province of his birth. This is apparent in his novel Hong gaoliang jiazu (1987, in English Red Sorghum 1993)," said the academy in a statement of Mo's biography.The book consists of five stories that unfold and interweave in Gaomi in several turbulent decades in the 20th century, with depictions of bandit culture, the Japanese occupation and the harsh conditions endured by poor farm workers, according to the biography. Red Sorghum was successfully filmed in 1987, directed by famous Chinese director Zhang Yimou.Through a mixture of fantasy and reality, historical and social perspectives, Mo Yan has created a world reminiscent in its complexity of those in the writings of William Faulkner and Gabriel Garcia Marquez, at the same time finding a departure point in old Chinese literature and in oral tradition, the academy commented in the biographical statement.In addition to his novels, Mo Yan has published many short stories and essays on various topics. Despite his social criticism, he is seen in his homeland as one of the foremost contemporary authors, the statement added.Dozens of his works have been translated into English, French and Japanese and many other languages.

THANKS
Zero Star Member
Zero Star Member
Posts: 52
Joined: Wed Apr 27, 2011 9:42 pm

Re: 2012 Nobel Prize Begins

Post by THANKS » Fri Oct 12, 2012 8:39 pm

Nobel Peace Prize 2012 awarded to EUOSLO: The Nobel Peace Prize was on Friday awarded to the European Union, an institution wracked by the euro crisis but credited with bringing more than a half century of peace to a continent ripped apart by two world wars."The union and its forerunners have for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe," Nobel Committee president Thorbjoern Jagland said in Oslo.Shortly after the prize announcement, European Union President Herman Van Rompuy and European Commission president Jose Manuel Barroso described the award as "a tremendous honour". "This prize is the strongest possible recognition of the deep political motives behind our Union: the unique effort by ever more European states to overcome war and divisions and to jointly shape a continent of peace and prosperity," they said in a joint statement.The prize, they said, was "not just for the project and the institutions embodying a common interest, but for the 500 million citizens living in our union."But online, the Nobel Committee's decision to hand the prize to a union of states currently wracked by a severe financial crisis, sparked strong reactions from some on Twitter."Anti-austerity protests in Portugal, Spain, Greece, Italy & France, Nationalism, Fascism, unemployment and poverty. Yeah EU deserves it!" @AnonOpGreece said on Twitter.The prize for the EU came as a surprise at a time when European solidarity is facing its most daunting challenge in decades amid deep rifts between a south drowning in debt and a wealthier north, led by Germany, only reluctantly coming to the rescue.Whether or not that begrudging assistance will keep the European project afloat remains to be seen, but the deep crisis has broadened the gulf already felt between citizens in the different member states and a Brussels long seen as too distant and bureaucratic."The EU is currently undergoing grave economic difficulties and considerable social unrest," Jagland acknowledged on Friday, stressing that the Nobel jury had wanted "to focus on what it sees as the EU's most important result: the successful struggle for peace and reconciliation and for democracy and human rights."The creation of the organisation is credited with helping to bring peace and stability to the war-torn continent by bringing together arch-enemies France and Germany and herding them down the same path.German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who faces harsh criticism from debt-laden southern Europe for fronting the push for punishing austerity measures, on Friday hailed the EU's win and insisted efforts to save the euro were also aimed at ensuring peace on the continent."The euro is more than a currency because at the end of the day it is about the original idea of a union of peace and of values," she told reporters.Despite recurring difficulties, the EU has become the biggest common market in the world, allowing free circulation of goods, people, services and capital.Over the years, the pioneering project has swelled to encompass 27 countries which not long ago sat on either side of the "iron curtain".They came to the table with vastly different economic, social and cultural situations, but following intense integration efforts, a full 17 of them now share a common currency.This year's prize also comes as a bombshell in host country Norway, which itself has rejected joining the union twice, in 1972 and 1994, and where three quarters of the inhabitants today say they are opposed to membership, according to recent polls.Committee president Thorbjoern Jagland, who is also the secretary general of the Council of Europe and a fervent EU supporter, told reporters Friday he did not see why the prize pick should be controversial in Norway."It is possible to be opposed to Norwegian EU membership and at the same time acknowledge the peace-creating role EU has had in Europe," he said.In that vein, Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg congratulated the EU for its win, but said his country still had no plans of joining the bloc."This peace prize does not change the situation when it comes to Norway's relationship to the EU," he said, adding: "membership is not on the agenda."Despite the bloc's deepening difficulties, its tumultuous history shows that, until now at least, the EU has always managed to survive crises, often strengthening its integration in the process.The nod to the EU this year can be seen as an effort by the Nobel Committee to rectify a historic oversight: most experts agree that after Gandhi, who died without receiving the honour, the European project is the most noticeable hole in the Nobel family tree.It remains unclear who will collect the Nobel for the EU, which is the 21st institution to ever take the prize since 1901.

Mianahmad
One Star Member
One Star Member
Posts: 278
Joined: Sun Feb 20, 2011 7:22 pm
Nationality: Pakistani
Location: Gujranwala

Re: 2012 Nobel Prize Begins

Post by Mianahmad » Fri Oct 12, 2012 10:27 pm

THANKS wrote:Nobel Peace Prize 2012 awarded to EUOSLO: The Nobel Peace Prize was on Friday awarded to the European Union, an institution wracked by the euro crisis but credited with bringing more than a half century of peace to a continent ripped apart by two world wars."The union and its forerunners have for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe," Nobel Committee president Thorbjoern Jagland said in Oslo.Shortly after the prize announcement, European Union President Herman Van Rompuy and European Commission president Jose Manuel Barroso described the award as "a tremendous honour". "This prize is the strongest possible recognition of the deep political motives behind our Union: the unique effort by ever more European states to overcome war and divisions and to jointly shape a continent of peace and prosperity," they said in a joint statement.The prize, they said, was "not just for the project and the institutions embodying a common interest, but for the 500 million citizens living in our union."But online, the Nobel Committee's decision to hand the prize to a union of states currently wracked by a severe financial crisis, sparked strong reactions from some on Twitter."Anti-austerity protests in Portugal, Spain, Greece, Italy & France, Nationalism, Fascism, unemployment and poverty. Yeah EU deserves it!" @AnonOpGreece said on Twitter.The prize for the EU came as a surprise at a time when European solidarity is facing its most daunting challenge in decades amid deep rifts between a south drowning in debt and a wealthier north, led by Germany, only reluctantly coming to the rescue.Whether or not that begrudging assistance will keep the European project afloat remains to be seen, but the deep crisis has broadened the gulf already felt between citizens in the different member states and a Brussels long seen as too distant and bureaucratic."The EU is currently undergoing grave economic difficulties and considerable social unrest," Jagland acknowledged on Friday, stressing that the Nobel jury had wanted "to focus on what it sees as the EU's most important result: the successful struggle for peace and reconciliation and for democracy and human rights."The creation of the organisation is credited with helping to bring peace and stability to the war-torn continent by bringing together arch-enemies France and Germany and herding them down the same path.German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who faces harsh criticism from debt-laden southern Europe for fronting the push for punishing austerity measures, on Friday hailed the EU's win and insisted efforts to save the euro were also aimed at ensuring peace on the continent."The euro is more than a currency because at the end of the day it is about the original idea of a union of peace and of values," she told reporters.Despite recurring difficulties, the EU has become the biggest common market in the world, allowing free circulation of goods, people, services and capital.Over the years, the pioneering project has swelled to encompass 27 countries which not long ago sat on either side of the "iron curtain".They came to the table with vastly different economic, social and cultural situations, but following intense integration efforts, a full 17 of them now share a common currency.This year's prize also comes as a bombshell in host country Norway, which itself has rejected joining the union twice, in 1972 and 1994, and where three quarters of the inhabitants today say they are opposed to membership, according to recent polls.Committee president Thorbjoern Jagland, who is also the secretary general of the Council of Europe and a fervent EU supporter, told reporters Friday he did not see why the prize pick should be controversial in Norway."It is possible to be opposed to Norwegian EU membership and at the same time acknowledge the peace-creating role EU has had in Europe," he said.In that vein, Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg congratulated the EU for its win, but said his country still had no plans of joining the bloc."This peace prize does not change the situation when it comes to Norway's relationship to the EU," he said, adding: "membership is not on the agenda."Despite the bloc's deepening difficulties, its tumultuous history shows that, until now at least, the EU has always managed to survive crises, often strengthening its integration in the process.The nod to the EU this year can be seen as an effort by the Nobel Committee to rectify a historic oversight: most experts agree that after Gandhi, who died without receiving the honour, the European project is the most noticeable hole in the Nobel family tree.It remains unclear who will collect the Nobel for the EU, which is the 21st institution to ever take the prize since 1901.
this award shows biasedness!! doesnt it?? just a step to hold together the shaking building of eu. what have eu contributed for peace in world??
إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

Thee do we serve and Thee do we beseech for help.

Surah Al-Fatiha, Verse 5


THANKS
Zero Star Member
Zero Star Member
Posts: 52
Joined: Wed Apr 27, 2011 9:42 pm

Re: 2012 Nobel Prize Begins

Post by THANKS » Mon Oct 15, 2012 5:33 pm

Roth, Shapley Win Nobel Economics Prize 2012 for Matching TheoryAlvin E. Roth and Lloyd S. Shapley shared the 2012 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for their exploration of how to make markets work more efficiently by better matching supply with demand. “The combination of Shapley’s basic theory and Roth’s empirical investigations, experiments and practical design has generated a flourishing field of research and improved the performance of many markets,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which selects the winner, said in a statement in Stockholm today. “This year’s prize is awarded for an outstanding example of economic engineering.”Shapley, 89, used cooperative game theory to study and compare different matching methods, designing the so-called Gale-Shapley algorithm. His theories were built on by Roth, 60, who used experimental economics and market design to solve real- world problems, including matching 20,000 doctors annually with U.S. hospitals during their first year of employment, and 90,000 teens with New York City high schools. Roth, who has been a professor of economics and business administration at Harvard in Cambridge, Massachusetts, since 1998, is leaving the school at the end of the year for a new position at Stanford University, where he is currently a visiting professor of economics. Shapley is currently Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Los Angeles.


Post Reply

Return to “SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY”